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Exfoliation - Basics

Updated: Aug 2, 2018

Exfoliating your skin. Skincare routine

The word exfoliation comes from the latin word exfoliare which means “to strip off”. In old days wine was used as a chemical exfoliant with tartaric acid as active agent. It simply means the process of removing dead cells on the outer layer of skin. The process of exfoliation can be achieved through two means: Chemical scrubs and Mechanical scrubs. Chemical Scrubs use either an acid- or enzyme-based formula such as alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) such as glycolic acid or beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) such as salicylic acid. Mechanical scrubs use beads or an abrasive-style substance to literally help buff dead skin cells and impurities away

Scrubs are also available in two variants according to their strength as facial scrub and body scrub. Facial scrubs are mild than body scrubs and they have less mild granules which are safe to use on face.


Scrubbing gives you clean skin, free from dirt, oil, and sweat. Face wash and facial cleansers cannot pull out all the dust that accumulates in the pores of your skin. Scrubbing does this job successfully. Scrubbing also deals with flaky skin effectively and it also helps in removing dead cells effectively. It is also known to remove dark patches and acne scars.

​Most commercial facial scrubs will state whether they are appropriate for dry, oily, combination, normal, or sensitive skin. Some facial scrubs will also be appropriate for all skin types. Make sure you buy one according to your skin type.

Generally, facial scrubs made with apricot pits, walnut shells, almonds, or aluminum oxide tend to be better for skin that is oily and not sensitive and facial scrubs made with plastic beads, alpha hydroxy, or beta hydroxy tend to be better for skin that is dry or sensitive.

The purpose scrub is to remove the surface layer of dead cells which is accumulated over a period of time due to pollution, hard water, sun exposure etc. and if you are above types of scrubs, it is recommened to do only twice in a week. However, if you’re using a cellulose- or jojoba-wax based scrub which is mild. You can use it daily since the scrub particles are gentle and will not over-exfoliate – It will be mentioned in the package and it is always a good idea to read the instructions before using any scrub. Because, some scrubs required t